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BEIJING —?An adviser to the United Nations has sharply criticized President Xi Jinping’s crackdown on dissent in China, warning on Tuesday that the Communist Party’s tight grip on civil society was undermining basic rights and risking ma

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中国打压异见可能引发社会动荡

作者:admin  来源:未知

BEIJING —?An adviser to the United Nations has sharply criticized President Xi Jinping’s crackdown on dissent in China, warning on Tuesday that the Communist Party’s tight grip on civil society was undermining basic rights and risking mass unrest.
北京——一名联合国顾问尖锐地批评了国家主席习近平压制中国异见人士的做法,并在周二警告说,共产党对公民社会的严格控制,是在削弱人民的基本权利,制造了发生群体性社会动乱的风险。
The adviser,
Philip G. Alston
, said that the party’s dominance of the legal system had left Chinese citizens with few avenues to complain about issues like pollution and inequality. He dismissed the process for filing grievances as “window dressing,” and said party officials had suppressed meaningful policy debates.
这位名为菲利普·G·奥尔斯顿(
Philip G. Alston
)的顾问说,www.ag88.com,共产党对法律体系的主导,已经让中国公民几乎没有了表达对污染和社会不均等问题不满的途径。他认为信访的程序是“装点门面”,并表示,中共官员们一直在压制有意义的政策辩论。
“The government is coming at this from many different directions,” Mr. Alston, a special rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights for the United Nations, said in an interview at the organization’s offices in Beijing. “That is a recipe for serious problems.”
奥尔斯顿是联合国赤贫和人权问题特别报告员,在北京的联合国办事处,他接受采访时说,“中国政府对公民社会采取了各种各样的压制措施。这种做法后患无穷。”
Since coming to power in 2012, Mr. Xi has worked to expand the Communist Party’s reach across virtually all aspects of Chinese society,
sidelining lawyers
, journalists, academics and activists who stand in the party’s way.
自从2012年上台以来,习近平一直在努力扩大共产党的影响范围,几乎涵盖了中国社会的所有方面,把阻碍中共的
律师
But Mr. Xi has also pledged to improve China’s human rights record, and the government has said it has made
progress
in reducing the use of torture and the death penalty. At the same time, officials have
deflected criticism
by highlighting police brutality and other abuses in developed countries like the United States,www.ag88.com.
但是,习近平也承诺要改善中国的人权记录,政府还表示已在减少酷刑和死刑的使用上取得了
进步
。与此同时,官员们通过强调美国等发达国家的警察暴力和其他权力滥用情况,来
回击外界的批评

Still, China lacks many of the checks needed to ensure justice for its citizens, Mr. Alston said. The authorities announced this week that they had punished more than 2,000 officials for failing to enforce environmental laws. But Mr. Alston, a New York University law professor, said the government should not be the only watchdog.
尽管如此,在确保公民司法公正方面,中国仍缺乏许多必要的权力制约,奥尔斯顿说。虽然中国当局在本周宣布,已经因环境执法不力查处了2000多名官员。但在纽约大学担任法律教授的奥尔斯顿说,政府不应该是唯一的监督者。
“There must be ways for those whose rights are violated to initiate action,” he said.
“必须要有能让权利受到侵犯者启动诉讼的方法,”他说。
Mr. Alston said Mr. Xi’s government too often promoted party ideology over accountability. He called a series of high-profile trials of human rights activists this month a “major mistake,” and he expressed concern about the government’s
efforts
to limit the activities of foreign nongovernmental organizations.
奥尔斯顿说,习近平的政府常常把促进党的意识形态置于问责制之上。他把本月对维权活动人士的一系列高调审理称为一个“重大的错误”,并对政府限制境外非政府组织活动的
努力
表示关切。
The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs did not respond to a faxed request for comment on Tuesday.
中国外交部对周二用传真发去的置评请求未作回应。
Mr. Alston, who was wrapping up a nine-day visit to China, also offered praise for the Chinese government, calling its achievements in reducing poverty, one of Mr. Xi’s priorities, admirable.
奥尔斯顿即将结束他为期九天的访华行程,他也赞扬了中国政府,称政府在减少贫困上取得的成就令人钦佩,扶贫是习近平的重点项目之一,www.ag88.com
But he said he was leaving China with mixed feelings. The government took him to Yunnan Province in southern China and offered a highly choreographed tour of a minority village, he said, apparently trying to dispel notions of ethnic tensions.
但是他说,他将带着复杂的心情离开中国。他说,中国政府带他去了南部的云南省,在一个少数民族村庄为他准备了一次精心安排的观光,他说,那显然是试图打消人们对中国民族关系紧张的看法。
During his visit, Mr. Alston said, the government prevented him from meeting with several scholars. Everywhere he went, he was followed by a Chinese security detail, he said, and at one point, an activist seeking to meet him was detained by the police outside the front gates of the United Nations offices in Beijing.
奥尔斯顿说,在访问期间,政府曾阻止他与几位学者见面。他说,他所到之处都有中国安全官员在场,还有一次,在北京的联合国办事处大门外,一名寻求与他见面的活动人士遭到警方拘留。

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